Modern Popes (1800 to present)

The Popes contains biographical data of the Popes in recent history. The page "Modern Popes" includes the papal history of the Modern Era, from the Treaty of Vienna (1815) to the present.


Back to The Popes

| Renaissance Popes (1447-1559) | Counter-Reformation Popes (1559-1655) | Post-Reformation Popes (1655-1799) |


| Pius VII | Leo XII | Pius VIII | Gregory XVI | Bl. Pius IX | Leo XIII | St. Pius X | Benedict XV | Pius XI |
| Ven. Pius XII | St. John XXIII | St. Paul VI | Ven. John Paul I | St. John Paul II | Benedict XVI | Francis |

His Eminence Gregorio Giorgio Barnaba Luigi Cardinal Chiaramonti, O.S.B.Cas., Cardinal Priest of San Callisto, Bishop of Imola, was elected Bishop of Rome on 14 March 1800 in the monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice, taking the name Pius VII, and was crowned on 21 March, at the age of 59 years.

-------------------

SERVANT OF GOD POPE PIUS VII (1800-1823)

His Holiness Pope Pius VII died on 20 August 1823 in Rome, in the 24th year of his pontificate, at the age of 83 years. He was buried on 25 August in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 15 August 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Top
His Eminence Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei Cardinal conte della Genga, Cardinal Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere, former Bishop of Senigallia with the title of Archbishop ad personam, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Immunity, Vicar General of His Holiness for the City of Rome, Archpriest of the Patriarchal Liberian Basilica, was elected Bishop of Rome on 28 September 1823 in the Quirinal Apostolic Palace, taking the name Leo XII, and was crowned on 5 October, at the age of 63 years.

-------------------

POPE LEO XII (1823-1829)

His Holiness Pope Leo XII died on 10 February 1829 in Rome, in the 6th year of his pontificate, at the age of 68 years. He was buried on 15 February in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, and his mortal remains were transferred on 5 December 1830 to the Grottoes of the same basilica.

Top
His Eminence Francesco Saverio Cardinal Castiglioni, Cardinal Bishop of Frascati, Major Penitentiary, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Index, was elected Bishop of Rome on 31 March 1829 in the Quirinal Apostolic Palace, taking the name Pius VIII, and was crowned on 5 April, at the age of 67 years.

-------------------

POPE PIUS VIII (1829-1830)

His Holiness Pope Pius VIII died on 30 November 1830 in Rome, in the 2nd year of his pontificate, at the age of 69 years. He was buried on 6 December in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, and his mortal remains were transferred on 5 June 1846 to the Grottoes of the same basilica.

Top
His Eminence Mauro Bartolomeo Alberto Cardinal Cappellari, O.S.B.Cam., Cardinal Priest of San Callisto, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, was elected Bishop of Rome on 2 February 1831 in the Quirinal Apostolic Palace, taking the name Gregory XVI, and was consecrated to the episcopate and crowned on 6 February, at the age of 65 years.

-------------------

POPE GREGORY XVI (1831-1846)

His Holiness Pope Gregory XVI died on 1 June 1846 in Rome, in the 16th year of his pontificate, at the age of 80 years. He was buried on 6 June in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica.

Top
His Eminence Giovanni Maria Giambattista Pietro Pellegrino Isidoro Cardinal conte Mastai-Ferretti, Cardinal Priest of Santi Marcellino e Pietro, Bishop of Imola with the title of Archbishop ad personam, was elected Bishop of Rome on 16 June 1846 in the Quirinal Apostolic Palace, taking the name Pius IX, and was crowned on 21 June, at the age of 54 years.

-------------------

BLESSED POPE PIUS IX (1846-1878)

His Holiness Pope Pius IX died on 7 February 1878 in Rome, in the 32nd year of his pontificate, at the age of 85 years. He was buried on 13 February in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, and his mortal remains were transferred on 13 July 1881 to the basilica of San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 11 February 1907 by Pope St. Pius X, his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 6 July 1985 by Pope St. John Paul II, and he was beatified on 3 September 2000 by the same Roman Pontiff. His feast is kept on 7 February, and is in Rome an obligatory Memorial and in the Vatican an optional Memorial.

Top
His Eminence Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Cardinal Pecci, Cardinal Priest of San Crisogono, Bishop of Perugia with the title of Archbishop ad personam, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, was elected Bishop of Rome on 20 February 1878 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Leo XIII, and was crowned on 3 March, at the age of 67 years.

-------------------

POPE LEO XIII (1878-1903)

His Holiness Pope Leo XIII died on 20 July 1903 in Rome, in the 26th year of his pontificate, at the age of 93 years. He was buried on 25 July in the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, and his mortal remains were transferred on 22 October 1924 to the Patriarchal Lateran Basilica, where on 27 October he was buried.

Top
His Eminence Giuseppe Melchiorre Cardinal Sarto, Cardinal Priest of San Bernardo alle Terme, Patriarch of Venice, was elected Bishop of Rome on 4 August 1903 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Pius X, and was crowned on 9 August, at the age of 68 years.

-------------------

POPE SAINT PIUS X (1903-1914)

His Holiness Pope Pius X died on 20 August 1914 in Rome, in the 12th year of his pontificate, at the age of 79 years. He was buried on 23 August in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 12 February 1943 by the Ven. Pope Pius XII, and his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 3 September 1950, he was beatified on 3 June 1951, and canonized on 29 May 1954 by the same Roman Pontiff. His mortal remains were transferred on 17 February 1952 to the altar of the Chapel of the Presentation of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. His feast was originally kept on 3 September, and was created a III Class feast in the universal calendar on 25 July 1960 by Pope St. John XXIII. The feast was transferred to 21 August as an obligatory Memorial in the universal calendar on 14 February 1969 by Pope St. Paul VI, and is in the Vatican kept as a Feast.

Top
His Eminence Giacomo Giovanni Battista Cardinal marchese della Chiesa, Cardinal Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati, Archbishop of Bologna, was elected Bishop of Rome on 3 September 1914 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Benedict XV, and was crowned on 6 September, at the age of 59 years.

-------------------

POPE BENEDICT XV (1914-1922)

His Holiness Pope Benedict XV died on 22 January 1922 in Rome, in the 8th year of his pontificate, at the age of 67 years. He was buried on 26 January in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica.

Top
His Eminence Ambrogio Damiano Achille Cardinal Ratti, Cardinal Priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, Archbishop of Milan, was elected Bishop of Rome on 6 February 1922 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Pius XI, and was crowned on 12 February, at the age of 64 years.

-------------------

POPE PIUS XI (1922-1939)

His Holiness Pope Pius XI died on 10 February 1939 in the Vatican, in the 17th year of his pontificate, at the age of 81 years. He was buried on 14 February in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica.

Top
His Eminence Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Cardinal Pacelli, Cardinal Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Secretary of State, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, Archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, was elected Bishop of Rome on 2 March 1939 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Pius XII, and was crowned on 12 March, at the age of 63 years.

-------------------

VENERABLE POPE PIUS XII (1939-1958)

His Holiness Pope Pius XII died on 9 October 1958 at Castelgandolfo, in the 20th year of his pontificate, at the age of 82 years. He was buried on 13 October in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 18 November 1965 by Pope St. Paul VI, and his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 19 December 2009 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Top
His Eminence Angelo Giuseppe Cardinal Roncalli, Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca, Patriarch of Venice, was elected Bishop of Rome on 28 October 1958 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name John XXIII, and was crowned on 4 November, at the age of 76 years.

-------------------

POPE SAINT JOHN XXIII (1958-1963)

His Holiness Pope John XXIII died on 3 June 1963 in the Vatican, in the 5th year of his pontificate, at the age of 81 years. He was buried on 6 June in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 18 November 1965 by Pope St. Paul VI, his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 29 December 1989 by Pope St. John Paul II, and he was beatified on 3 September 2000 by the same Roman Pontiff. His mortal remains were transferred on 3 June 2001 to the altar of the Chapel of Saint Jerome of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. He was canonized on 27 April 2014 by Pope Francis. His feast is kept on 11 October in Rome and at the Vatican as an obligatory Memorial and as an optional Memorial in other places, but he is remembered in the Martyrologium romanum on 3 June.

Top
His Eminence Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Cardinal Montini, Cardinal Priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, Archbishop of Milan, was elected Bishop of Rome on 21 June 1963 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Paul VI, and was crowned on 30 June, at the age of 65 years.

-------------------

POPE SAINT PAUL VI (1963-1978)

His Holiness Pope Paul VI died on 6 August 1978 at Castelgandolfo, in the 16th year of his pontificate, at the age of 80 years. He was buried on 12 August in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 11 May 1993 by Pope St. John Paul II. His heroic virtues were proclaimed on 20 December 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI, he was beatified on 19 October 2014 by Pope Francis, and he was canonized on 14 October 2018 by the same Roman Pontiff. His feast is kept on 29 May in the Roman Rite as an optional Memorial, and on 30 May in the Ambrosian Rite.

Top
His Eminence Albino Cardinal Luciani, Cardinal Priest of San Marco, Patriarch of Venice, was elected Bishop of Rome on 26 August 1978 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name John Paul I, and was invested with the pallium on 3 September,[1] at the age of 65 years.

-------------------

VENERABLE POPE JOHN PAUL I (1978)

His Holiness Pope John Paul I died on 28 September 1978 in the Vatican, in the 1st year of his pontificate, at the age of 65 years. He was buried on 4 October in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was intiated on 23 November 2003 by Pope St. John Paul II, and his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 8 November 2017 by Pope Francis.

Top
His Eminence Karol Józef Cardinal Wojtyła, Cardinal Priest of San Cesareo in Palatio, Archbishop of Kraków, was elected Bishop of Rome on 16 October 1978 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name John Paul II, and was invested with the pallium on 22 October, at the age of 58 years.

-------------------

POPE SAINT JOHN PAUL II (1978-2005)

His Holiness Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005 in the Vatican, in the 27th year of his pontificate, at the age of 84 years. He was buried on 8 April in the Grottoes of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The diocesan process for his canonization was initiated on 9 May 2005 by Pope Benedict XVI, his heroic virtues were proclaimed on 19 December 2009, and he was beatified on 1 May 2011 by the same Roman Pontiff. His mortal remains were transferred on 2 May 2011 to the altar of the Chapel of Saint Sebastian of the Papal Vatican Basilica. He was canonized on 27 April 2014 by Pope Francis. His feast is kept on 22 October in Rome and in Poland as an obligatory Memorial and as an optional Memorial in other places.

Top
His Eminence Joseph Alois Cardinal Ratzinger, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and of Velletri-Segni, Dean of the College of Cardinals, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, President of the International Theological Commission, was elected Bishop of Rome on 19 April 2005 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Benedict XVI, and was invested with the pallium on 24 April, at the age of 78 years.

-------------------

POPE BENEDICT XVI (2005-2013)

His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI announced freely in consistory at the Vatican Apostolic Palace on 11 February 2013, reading from a document dated 10 February, his intention to renounce the See of Rome at 8:00 p.m. local time on 28 February, in the 8th year of his pontificate, at the age of 85 years.

Top
His Eminence Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglio, S.J., Cardinal Priest of San Roberto Bellarmino, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Primate of Argentina, Ordinary of the faithful of the Eastern rites in Argentina without their own ordinary, was elected Bishop of Rome on 13 March 2013 in the Vatican Apostolic Palace, taking the name Francis, and was invested with the pallium on 19 March, at the age of 76 years.

-------------------

HIS HOLINESS POPE FRANCIS (2013 to date)

Our Most Holy Lord now gloriously reigning in the 7th year of his pontificate:
Bishop of Rome
Vicar of Jesus Christ
Successor of Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles
Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church
Primate of Italy
Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province
Sovereign of the City State of the Vatican
Servant of the Servants of God


Note:

[1] Ven. Pope John Paul I decided not to be crowned but chose rather to be invested with the pallium to inaugurate his papacy. His successors have done the same.


| Renaissance Popes (1447-1559) | Counter-Reformation Popes (1559-1655) | Post-Reformation Popes (1655-1799) |

Back to The Popes


See the credits for the information and pictures.

e-mail the editor at: shetler.joseph@gmail.com

Last site update: 20 March 2019.

©2004-19 Joseph L. Shetler, S.T.L.